Geografie 2010, 115, 1-20

The regional differentiation of society: general types of development processes

Martin Hampl

Univerzita Karlova v Praze, Přírodovědecká fakulta, katedra sociální geografie a regionálního rozvoje, Albertov 6, 128 43, Praha 2, Czechia

Received May 2009
Accepted December 2009

This contribution deals with general problems concerning typologies of development processes. The previously developed classification of real systems was utilised as a point of departure for this evaluation. At the level of societal systems, three basic types of real systems, in terms of their level of structural complexity, are distinguished in this classification: human populations (for example demographic systems), social systems and socio-geographic systems. The development of the organization of these systems differs according to size and structural indicators. While, in terms of structural/generic indicators, there are always processes of re-homogenization, the orientation of such processes is always different, on the basis of size indicators: in the case of demographic systems, re-homogenization; for social systems, the reproduction of partial hierarchization; and for socio-geographical systems, re-hierarchization.


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