Geografie 1981, 86, 282-290

Regularity in the proximity of towns

Jaromír Korčák

One of the regularities of the distribution of towns and their reciprocal relations in a given area is their distance from each other. In the first part of the study the author treats of what is called the proximity, i. e. the nearest neighbourhood of towns. His studies include Czechoslovak towns with more than 10000 inhabitants (1890, 1921, 1979). The distance between these towns has been gradually decreasing from 24.7 km to 22.8 km or 15.5 km with a natural increase in their number. The second part of the paper includes large cities in Europa and North America with more than 100000 inhabitants (1890, 1910 and 1970). Towns with more than 250000 inhabitants are treated of separately. Also in this case a regular decrease in proximity has shown (see the inclosed tables). At the same time a trend from regularity to irregularity has been detected.