Geografie 2021, 126, 195-220

The development of spatial differentiation of unemployment in Czechia through evolutionary and institutional approaches: the example of the Karvinsko and Jablunkovsko regions

Filip Vrbík, Pavlína NetrdováID

Charles University, Faculty of Science, Department of Social Geography and Regional Development, Prague, Czechia

Received January 2021
Accepted May 2021

The aim of this paper is to gain insight into the dynamics of spatial differentiation of unemployment on the municipal and microregional levels in Czechia. The spatial patterns of unemployment are quantitatively evaluated; and, based on these results, two microregions are chosen as case studies (Karvinsko and Jablunkovsko). These microregions are spatially close but underwent a totally different evolution in regional unemployment. Factors that affect different dynamics of unemployment are identified based on the analysis of their historical development and interviews with local agents. Thus, potential causes of dissimilar trajectories are revealed. The theoretical framework of the research is based on a combination of evolutionary and institutional approaches in economic geography that emphasize the role of history, continuity, local specifics and informal norms and practices in local and regional development.


This work was supported by GA ČR, project No. 18-20904S (In the core or at the periphery? An institutional perspective on impact of border processes on socioeconomic development in Czech border regions) and was supported by UNCE UK UNCE/HUM/018.


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