Geografie 2007, 112, 84-94

Settlement and municipality: Fundamental terms in geography of settlements and their relationship

Zdeněk Kučera

Katedra sociální geografie a regionálního rozvoje, Přírodovědecká fakulta Univerzity Karlovy, Albertov 6, 128 43 Praha 2, Czechia

Settlement and municipality are fundamental terms in geography of settlements, which are often identified or interchanged. Their meaning and relationship are analysed in the article with using different sources. A settlement is an inseparable part of cultural landscape and a landscape unit with certain physiognomy in particular. A municipality is an abstract societal unit. Settlement organization within the system of settlements is the image and product of human activity in certain landscape, whereas character and number of municipalities are the image and product of spatial organization of society.