Geografie 2003, 108, 49-60

Recent landforms on the Cape Verde Islands relief

Jan Vítek

Katedra biologie, Pedagogická fakulta Univerzity Hradec Králové, V. Nejedlého 573, 500 03 Hradec Králové, Czechia

The article summarizes the results of studies on surface landforms existing in Cape Verde Islands, carried out at the beginning of 2002. Attention was focused especially at landforms originated by recent geological and geomorphological processes in six following islands: Sal, Santiago, Fogo, São Vicente, Santo Antão and São Nicolau. Basic features of the Cape Verdean relief came into existence mainly by volcanic activities and tectonic processes during the Mesozoic and the Cainozoic. The only active volcano is Pico do Fogo (with its 2 829 meters the highest mountain of the whole archipelago) on Fogo Island. Holocene volcanic bodies also emerge separately in some other islands. The majority of recent relief forms resulted from exogenic processes like fluvial, littoral, aeolian, weathering and anthropogeneous processes, slope movements etc.