Geografie 1974, 79, 108-121

A Contribution to the Distribution of Tourism in Slovakia

Peter Mariot

Geografický ústav SAV, Obráncov mieru 41, Bratislava, Slovakia

Basing on the pattern of structural properties of tourism in visiting places of Slovakia the author pays attention to spatial differences. 133 communities are considered as visiting places, in cadastre of which more than 5 thousand lodging nights were registered in the accommodation facilities of free tourist traffic and of the Trade Union (ROH) in 1971. Fig. 1 illustrates that the greatest interest in the services of accommodation facilities is concentrated to the largest towns on the one hand and to the most popular recreation centres on the other one. The reasons of visit rate as well as the annual course of tourist traffic are, however, different, respectivelv (Fig. 2). They are determined by attractivity arising out of the central function of towns and of the rest function of recreation centres, the latter manifesting itself also in the level of visiting places with lesser volume of tourist traffic. It may be stated that direct dependence exists between the volume of accommodation capacity and the number of lodging nights realized (Fig. 1 and 3). In Slovakia, with respect to the character of its localization presuppositions for tourist traffic, visit places with a relatively balanced course of visit rate during vear prevail (Fig. 3). The visit places bound with larger water areas only have a more expressive prevalence in number of lodging nights in summer half-year. The values of tourist traffic intenzity are influenced by the differences in relief energy in the country of Slovakia. Besides a few exceptions, among which above all spas belong, the rule is valid that with rising dissection of terrain intensity of the tourist traffic in visiting places increases, too. On the basis of attainments in the author's previour works (1970, 1971), he made both a typization of visiting places from the aspect of data about intenzity and seasonality of their tourist traffic, eventually of the average length of stay of visitors (Table 1, Fig. 4) and a functional typization of visiting places in Slovakia (Table 2, Fig. 5). More detailed analyses of the pattern of distribution of the individual types and outcomes ot typization will be presented by the author in a special article.