Geografie 2011, 116, 111-129

Relief of Czechia: quantitative evaluation in the GIS environment

Jaromír Demek1, Břetislav Balatka2, Karel Kirchner3, Peter Mackovčin1, Tomáš Pánek4, Petr Slavík1

1The Silva Tarouca Research Institute for Landscape and Ornamental Gardening, public research institute, Průhonice, Dept. of Landscape Ecology and Dept. of GIS Applications, Lidická 25–27, 602 00 Brno, Czechia
2Oldřichova 12, Praha 2, Czechia
3Institute of Geonics Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Ostrava, public research institute, Branch Brno, Drobného 29, Brno, 602 00, Czechia
4University of Ostrava, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Geoecology, Czechia

Received March 2010
Accepted January 2011

The authors used a new GIS-based geomorphological map of Czechia in the scale of 1:500,000 (Demek, Balatka, Kirchner, Mackovčin, Pánek, Slavík 2009) for computer aided quantitative evaluation of the relief of the country. The analysis showed that erosion landforms prevail in Czechia (77.14% of the Czech territory). Summit and piedmont planation surfaces (etchplain, rock pediments, and cryopediments) that take 8.87% of the Czech territory were quantitatively evaluated over the whole Czech territory for the first time. The most common accumulation landforms were loess surfaces (8.04%) and fluvial landforms like floodplains and accumulation river terraces (8.20% of state territory). Polygon layer of the new GIS-based map enabled the evaluation of the geomorphodiversity of the Czech territory.


The research was carried out by The Silva Tarouca Research Institute for Landscape and Ornamental Gardening, public research institute and funded by the Research programme MSM 6293359101 “Research into sources and indicators of biodiversity in cultural landscape in the context of its fragmentation dynamics”. The research realized by the Institute of Geonics, Academy of Science of the Czech Republic, public research institute was funded by Research Project No. AVOZ 30860518.


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