Geografie 2010, 115, 247-265

The Mladotice Lake, western Czechia: The unique genesis and evolution of the lake basin

Bohumír Janský1, Achim Schulte2, Julius Česák1, Vanessa Rios Escobar3

1Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Geoecology, Albertov 6, 128 43 Prague 2, Czechia
2Institute of Geographical Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Freie Universität Berlin, Malteserstr. 74-100, D-12249 Berlin, Germany
3University of Medelín, Columbia

Received December 2009
Accepted May 2010

The Mladotice Lake is a lake of unique genetic type in Czechia. In May 1872 a landslide as a result an extreme rainfall event occurred in western Czechia, blocking the Mladotický stream valley and creating the Mladotice Lake. The 1952 and 1975 air images document that collective farming had a great impact on the lake basin evolution when balks and field terraces were removed and fields were made much larger. Because of this change in land use we expected higher soil erosion and a related increase in the sedimentation rate. First bathymetric measurements of the newly created lake were carried out in 1972 and were repeated in 1999 and in 2003. Our analysis of the sedimentary record aims to identify the sediment stratigraphy, its basic physical and chemical properties, isotope content and thin sections yield a detailed temporal resolution of the sedimentation chronology. In some areas a sediment thickness of 4 m was detected. Hence, the average sedimentation rate is from 2.2 to 2.7 cm per year.


This research was funded by the Czech Ministry of Education Project “Geographical Systems and Risk Processes in the Context of Global Change and European Integration” (MSM 0021620831), and Czech Ministry of Agriculture Project “Water Retention in the River Flood – Plain Areas” (QH82078).


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