Geografie 2022, 127, 195-218

Cartographic scripts for seismic and geophysical mapping of Ecuador

Polina LemenkovaID

Université libre de Bruxelles, École polytechnique de Bruxelles, Laboratory of Image Synthesis and Analysis, Brussels, Belgium

Received November 2021
Accepted May 2022

This research describes a script-based method of Generic Mapping Tools (GMT) for mapping the seismicity, geophysics, geology and topography of Ecuador. The advances of GMT include the following points: (1) automation of workflow; (2) refined aesthetics of graphics; (3) speed console-based mapping; (4) multi-format data handling; (5) advanced syntax. An explanation of scripting with the examples of code snippets is provided. The results present six new maps of Ecuador. The distribution of geophysical phenomena and seismicity is compared to the terrain elevation, showing remarkable correlations with the topography and geoid. The data demonstrated low values in the depression of the Andes, the Gulf of Guayaquil, and the Peru-Chile Trench. The peaks in gravity are representative for the Andean topography. Local decreases in gravity correspond to the depressions in the coastal shelf and the Gulf of Guayaquil. The increase in seismicity is detected along the tectonically active areas. The GMT is appropriate to the geological risk assessment of Ecuador.


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