Geografie 2017, 122, 64-82

Biogeographic model of climate conditions for vegetation zones in Czechia

Ivo Machar1, Vít Voženílek2, Karel Kirchner3, Veronika Vlčková4, Antonín Buček5

1Palacký University, Faculty of Science, Department of Development Studies, Olomouc, Czechia
2Palacký University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geoinformatics, Olomouc, Czechia
3Institute of Geonics of the CAS, Department of Environmental Geography, Brno, Czechia
4Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Transportation Sciences, Department of Applied Informatics in Transition, Prague, Czechia
5Mendel University, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology, Department of the Forest Botany Dendrology and Geobiocoenology, Brno, Czechia

Received August 2015
Accepted July 2016

The paper demonstrates the results of a biogeographic model of climatic conditions of vegetation zones in the landscape of Czechia. The model uses climatological prediction data of the Czech Hydrometeorological Institute for the time period 2010–2100 according to the SRES A1B scenario and geobiocoenological characteristics of vegetation zonation of the landscape from the Register of biogeography. According to the model, the projected trends in climatic conditions of vegetation zones will be demonstrated by a substantial improvement in the conditions suitable for xerothermophilous Ponto-Pannonian biota in Czechia (the area of the 1st vegetation zone will increase). On the contrary, the size of the area with climatic conditions of the 6th to 8th vegetation zone will decrease. The model allows an algorithmization of specific climatic growing conditions of individual biological species. Thanks to this, it can be applied not only for the creation of scenarios of climate change in the landscape, but also as a support tool for creating strategies of adaptation and mitigation measures.


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