Geografie 2017, 122, 21-44

Evaluation of human impact on valley bottom sedimentation in Highlands: case study from Česká Bělá, Czechia

Lenka Vejrostová1,2, Lenka Lisá3, Aleš Bajer2, Jan Pacina2

1Charles University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Geoecology, Prague, Czechia
2Mendel University, Faculty of Forestry and Wood technology, Department of Geology and Pedology, Brno, Czechia
3Masaryk University, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Geological Sciences, Brno, Czechia

Received January 2016
Accepted October 2016

The formation processes of small valleys and long-term anthropogenic impact on its sedimentary archives may be studied by GIS, sedimentology and investigation into spatial and vertical geochemical characteristics in the context of mining activities. The case study from the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands with well documented medieval mining activities demonstrates the typical dynamics of a small valley during the last centuries and also the possible rate of human impact. The information value of the floodplain record as well as the development of the landscape geomorphology is discussed. The infilling of the river bottom is comprised of two main lithological units keeping information about medieval mining and ore processing as well as about past and recent agricultural activities. The most recent land use influenced the aggradation of the valley bottom less than land use during the Medieval times.


The paper was supported by the NAKI project “Historical land use of the Bohemian-Moravian Upland in Prehistory and Middle Ages”, DF13P01OVV005.


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