Geografie 2015, 120, 542-563

Length of life, health and attitudes in the European Union

Jitka Rychtaříková

Univerzita Karlova v Praze, Přírodovědecká fakulta, katedra demografie a geodemografie, Albertov 6, 128 43 Praha 2, Czechia

Received January 2014
Accepted September 2015

The contribution addresses three fields of investigation: mortality, health, and attitudes in the countries of EU28, Norway and Iceland. The data of EUROSTAT and EUROBAROMETER 378 were analyzed. In 2011, life expectancy at the age of 65 was shorter in post-Communist countries and there was also a smaller share of years lived in self-perceived good health. Two-level regression modelling has shown that the higher the age, the lower the satisfaction with health and with life. Higher-educated people and those living in a partnership are generally happier than the rest. Compared with other age and gender groups, young people and men perceive someone as old much sooner. Pessimistic attitudes are, to a smaller extent, intensified by living in former Communist countries.


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