Geografie 2015, 120, 297-313

The intra-regional trade relations in the automotive industry of East-Central Europe

Ernő Molnár, Gábor Kozma, János Pénzes

University of Debrecen, Department of Social Geography and Regional Development Planning, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary

Received January 2014
Accepted July 2015

The paper examines the intra-regional trade of the automotive industry in East-Central Europe as the prioritized target of foreign direct investment and a production site of growing importance in the sector. Our main assumption is that cross-border agglomeration tendencies (reflected in intra-regional trade relations), with the upgrading of the region, play an increasingly important role. After a review of the relevant literature, the paper analyses and explains how the significance and the structure of the connections within the region have recently changed. The empirical survey focuses on the first decade of the 21st century, with the East-Central European countries (Czechia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia) characterized by the considerable presence of the automotive industry.


This paper was supported by the János Bolyai Research Scholarship of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.


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