Geografie 2014, 119, 145-160

Vertical variability in the position of the zero isochion in geomorphologic regions of Czechia

Libor Ducháček1,2

1Univerzita Karlova v Praze, Přírodovědecká fakulta, katedra fyzické geografie a geoekologie, Albertov 6, 128 43 Praha 2, Czechia
2Český hydrometeorologický ústav, oddělení hydrologického výzkumu, Želivského 5, 466 05 Jablonec nad Nisou, Czechia

Received April 2013
Accepted May 2014

Knowledge of the volume of water retained in mountainous areas serves as an important source of information for the anticipation of spring floods, as well as for other purposes, such as those related to agricultural management. Similarly, the extent and distribution of snow coverage (snow cover area – SCA) in lowlands are factors influencing the threat of large-scale floods caused by the melting of even a thin layer of snow cover. Every week during the winter months, the Czech Hydrometeorological Institute (CHMI) provides up to date information on the snow water equivalent present in Czech regions and especially within important hydrological basins. This information comes predominantly from an observation of net and field measurements. The position of the zero isohione, determined through remote sensing, helps to increase the accuracy of the calculations of such spatial distribution in Czechia. As a consequence of this practical use, changes in the accumulation and distribution of snow cover can be readily observed via remote senzing. This is further made easier by Czechia’s orographic disposition, specifically its interconnected system of border mountains and a central highland. As a result, the position of the zero isohione can be determined with an accuracy of 50 m a.s.l. If we compare selected geomorphological regions, we can find statistically substantiated differences in the position of the zero isohione of more than 200 m.


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