Geografie 2003, 108, 130-145

Transport infrastructure of centres in the Czech borderland

Miroslav Marada

Katedra sociální geografie a regionálního rozvoje, Přírodovědecká fakulta UK, Albertov 6, 128 43 Praha 2, Czechia

The article deals with the regional differentiation of Czechia at several levels: between inland and borderland, between the urbanized and the rural border regions and finally among nine individual border regions. The following characteristics are used for evaluation: mainly the aggregate and the relativized transport characteristics (quality and density of the railway and the road network; the rate of motorcars) and then the selected "causal" characteristics (population density, education index, economic level). Their interdependence is assessed with the help of correlation analysis. The inland - borderland differences are in the specific Czech conditions limited also from the viewpoint of the monitored transport characteristics - substantial differences are found within the Czech borderland, above all between the urbanized and the rural border regions. Another type of evaluation in this article is the research into the hierarchization of 170 centres from the point of view of their transport and complex significance. The transport hierarchy of centres is markedly more developed in the inland than in the borderland.


Příspěvek vznikl v rámci grantového projektu GA ČR č. 403/03/1369 "Periferní oblasti Česka jako součást polarizace prostoru v souvislostech evropské integrace". Autor děkuje agentuře za podporu.