Geografie 1998, 103, 65-87

El Niño - Southern Oscillation and its Effects on Air Pressure, Air Temperature and Precipitation in Europe in the 20th Century

Rudolf Brázdil, Michal Bíl

Katedra geografie, Přírodovědecká fakulta MU, Kotlářská 2, 611 37 Brno, Czechia

Fields of the geopotential heights of 500 hPa (1946 - 1991) and sea level pressure (1901 - 1991) have been studied in the Atlantic-European region with respect to the warm and cold events of ENSO. The effects of ENSO on selected series of air temperature and precipitation (1901 - 1991) in Central Europe and in the Czech Republic have been analysed. Significant differences of cold and warm events of ENSO have been observed. In the case of air pressure and temperature this happens above all in winter (O/1), as regards temperature and precipitation in summer (0), and in the case of precipitation in autumn (0).


Studie vznikla díky finanční podpoře grantu č. 205/95/0509 Grantové agentury České republiky.