Geografie 1996, 101, 110-127

Czech Agriculture in Transition

Jan Ptáček

Žihle Farm, Žihle 106, 331 65 Žihle, Czechia

The article deals with the transition and transformation of Czech agriculture. The character of post-1990 systemic changes is defined. Chief goals of the state agricultural policy are described as well as the impacts of radical economic reform on the agricultural production. The following processes are analysed: 1) Restitution - return of property to the original owners or to their heirs; 2) Transformation - property transfer from the cooperatives to private subjects (individuals and companies); 3) Privatization - denationalization and privatization of the former state farms. The last chapter focuses on the privatization of Žihle State Farm (West Bohemia) as a detailed case study.